The number of registered snowmobiles
The number of snowmobiles registered in Svalbard is monitored because the figure is thought to correlate with the amount of traffic outside the settlements and thus with the potential for impact on the environment.
What is being monitored?
Cite these dataThe Governor of Svalbard (2022). Number of snowmobiles. Environmental monitoring of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (MOSJ). URL: http://www.mosj.no/en/influence/traffic/snowmobiles.html
|Snowmobiles||The Governor of Svalbard||235||282||359||419||468||577||651||706||706||835||919||923||934||920||892||915||883||897||980||1046||1012||963||1096||1168||1281||1342||1145||1173||1208||1383||1451||1468||1562||1846||2554||2672||2881||2340||2060||2130||2131||2163||2160||2160||2137||2136||2101||2297||2499|
Since 2010, only snowmobiles with the Svalbard registration number, ZN, and registered in Autosys (the Norwegian Public Roads Administration's e-tool for licenses and vehicles) with code 17 (Svalbard vehicles), are included in the monitoring.
Numbers in previous years also include snowmobiles with a ZN-registration that are taken to the mainland and used there. Snowmobiles in Svalbard that belong to persons whose home address and postal code is on the mainland are excluded from the data set.
The change in the method in 2010 limits the possibilities for comparing years and looking for trends.
The transportation authorities are expected to have reliable registration methods.
Reference level and action level
There is no defined level for action.
Status and trend
Since 1973, there has been a steady increase in the number of registered snowmobiles. The number more than doubled in 2003–2009, increasing in the period from 2005 to 2009, when about 300 new snowmobiles were registered each year. A marked peak was reached in 2009.
The introduction of new rules for registration brought a drop in the number of snowmobiles in 2010, but the number is now rising again slowly. The reduction of about 500 snowmobiles from 2009 to 2010 was because ZN-registered snowmobiles which were transported to the mainland were excluded.
From 2011 to 2019, the number of snowmobiles on Svalbard has been stable at approx 2100 scooters. In 2020, the number of snowmobiles increased to approx 2,300 scooters and the number increased further in 2021 to 2,500 scooters. The reason for this is not clear.
Svalbard has relatively liberal regulations for off-road motorised traffic compared with the mainland.
Particularly people domiciled in Svalbard can travel freely over large areas and can also seek permission to travel by snowmobile inside the old national parks from 1973 (Sør-Spitsbergen, Forlandet and Nordvest-Spitsbergen national parks).
Visitors have more limitations regarding where they may travel. The opportunity to drive snowmobiles in magnificent, scenic landscape is advertised by the tourism firms in Svalbard, and many tourists come here to drive snowmobiles, either on guided trips or on their own with hired snowmobiles.
Snowmobiles cost less in Svalbard than on the mainland due to lower taxes. The price of petrol is low and most people have a good income. Many put priority on buying a snowmobile when they come to Svalbard to live for some years.
Snowmobiles help people to get out of the settlements and can potentially transport people over long distances and large areas. Travellers on snowmobiles are generally considerate to other users and the fauna, and such transport can give magnificent scenic thrills.
The peak season for snowmobile travelling (March–May) coincides with the hardest period of the year (late winter / spring) for many species of animals. Reckless driving can easily disturb the fauna (polar bears, reindeer, arctic foxes, seals, geese and so on). The consequences may be
- unnecessary use of energy, stress
- avoidance of areas with heavy traffic
- dangerous situations (polar bears)
Most snowmobile drivers follow frequently used routes along valley floors leading to the most important destinations. This limits the disturbance. However, there are always some who choose their own routes away from the main ones into branch valleys and on valley sides. Not all give consideration to animals and birds by driving carefully.
In 2013, a trend of more people renting snowmobiles for individual travelling without a guide caused concern for environmental impacts.
Snowmobiles discharge greenhouse gases and soot. This is difficult to quantify and is obviously minimal in the global perspective.
Locally, snowmobile traffic gives noise pollution, which is noticeable in the peak season and at certain times of the day.
About the monitoring
The number of snowmobiles provides a basis for designing monitoring that can give information on where there is traffic and the volume of snowmobile traffic in Svalbard.
The monitoring does not give information on the volume, but the potential for this type of traffic. Efforts are being made to find more parameters that focus on the volume of traffic outside the settlements and effects on the environment.
Places and areas
Relations to other monitoring
- Monitoring programme
- International environmental agreements
- Voluntary international cooperation
- Related monitoring